Multiple Choice Answers


Question 1
In the late 1840s, what led to the question of whether slavery should expand to the territories?
A. the enactment of the Wilmot Proviso
B. the violence of “Bleeding Kansas”
C. the results of the Mexican War
D. the attack at Harpers Ferry

Question 2
The Ten Percent Plan required that
A. ten percent of a state’s voters take a loyalty oath to the Union.
B. state legislatures set aside ten percent of their seats for African Americans.
C. Southern landowners give ten percent of their land to freed men.
D. the South pay ten percent of the Union’s war costs.

Question 3
What caused South Carolina to secede from the United States?
Use the chart and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following question.

Causes of the
Civil War
The Long-term Causes
The Short-term Causes
Sectional economic and cultural differences Kansas-Nebraska Act splits political parties
Debate over expansion of slavery into the territories Breakdown of the party system
Political compromises failed to ease sectional differences and resolve questions of expanding slavery
·Missouri Compromise (1820)
·Compromise of 1850
·Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854)
Lincoln elected president
Laws increased sectional tension
·Fugitive Slave Act (1850)
·Dred Scott decision
·Tariff policy
South Carolina secedes
Growth of the anti-slavery movement
Uncle Tom’s Cabin
A. The breakdown of the party system

B. The Growth of the anti-slavery movement
C. Debate over the expansion of slavery into the territories
D. Increased sectional tensions due to new laws

Question 4
What did Union forces decide to attack in their effort to demoralize the South after 1863?
A. enslaved people
B. Confederate monuments
C. political leaders
D. military and civilian targets

Question 5
The Republican party became strong in the South, in part because
A. millions of Southern African American men became voters.
B. the party did not require a loyalty oath in order to vote.
C. many white Southerners attended the state constitutional conventions.
D. all of the former Confederate states had met the requirements to rejoin the Union.

Question 6
Which law was created in order to keep a balance of power between slave and free states in the union?
A. Compromise of 1850
B. Fugitive Slave Act
C. Kansas-Nebraska Act
D. Missouri Compromise

Question 7
How did Lincoln approach the issue of slavery in his speeches?
A. He avoided slavery as a possible inflammatory topic.
B. He advocated for compromise and the status quo.
C. He urged the gradual westward spread of slavery through popular sovereignty.
D. He condemned slavery and affirmed the idea of African Americans’ natural rights.

Question 8
During Reconstruction, groups such as the Ku Klux Klan
A. tried to pass laws to limit the rights of freed people.
B. were disbanded by the Fifteenth Amendment.
C. used violence to prevent freed people from voting.
D. supported the passage of the Enforcement Acts.

Question 9
This cartoon shows that President Ulysses S. Grant

A. refused to work with Radical Republicans in Congress.
B. had his ability to lead marred by scandal.
C. took a strong stand against Southern resistance to Reconstruction.
D. oversaw a long period of economic growth and prosperity.Question 10
By the end of the Civil War,
A. many Confederate leaders had been tried for treason.
B. African Americans had gained full citizenship.
C. the South’s economy had been destroyed.
D. Congress had passed legislation to rebuild the nation.

Question 11
Why was abolitionist John Brown executed?
A. for his midnight massacre
B. for his attempt to seize the arsenal at Harpers Ferry
C. for his part in “Bleeding Kansas”
D. for beating Charles Sumner with a cane

Question 12
What event led to the fall of the Confederate capital, Richmond, Virginia? Use the photograph and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following questions.
A. Lincoln’s assassination
B. Grant’s siege at Vicksburg
C. Lee’s retreat from Petersburg
D. Sherman’s march through Georgia

Question 13
Why is this woman sitting with these wounded Civil War soldiers?

 A. She is a nurse.
B. She is a guard.
C. She is a spy.
D. She is a doctor.Question 14
Some abolitionists criticize Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation because
A. they wanted it sent to European countries.
B. they wanted it to give enslaved people full rights of citizenship.
C. they wanted it to bring an end to the Civil War.
D. they knew it did not specifically free all enslaved people.

Question 15
What profession grew substantially with women’s participation during the Civil War?
A. banking
B. nursing
C. governing
D. cooking

Question 16
What port on the Gulf of Mexico was captured by Union forces early in the war?
A. Vicksburg
B. Richmond
C. New Orleans
D. Shiloh

Question 17
What did the United States Treasury create when the Legal Tender Act was passed in 1862?
A. the banking system
B. a common national currency
C. a new coin
D. Confederate money

Question 18
Who does this photograph depict?

 A. a Union soldier
B. a Union general
C. a Confederate soldier
D. none of the aboveQuestion 19
In the system of share-tenancy, farmworkers
A. did not choose the crops they planted.
B. had more control over their crops and supplies than was true in sharecropping.
C. planted seed and used supplies bought by the landowners.
D. paid cash rent to the landowners.

Question 20
One reason the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 angered Northerners was that it
A. required all citizens to support the slave system.
B. allowed states to arrest slave catchers for kidnapping.
C. contradicted pre-existing personal liberty laws.
D. gave states more power than the federal government.