Multiple Choice Answers

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1. (TCO 1) The awareness of the relationship between an individual and the wider society is referred to as:
the sociological imagination.
social structure.
theory.
the functionalist perspective.
2. (TCO 1) A key element in the sociological imagination is the ability to view one’s own society:
from the perspective of personal experience.
from the perspective of cultural biases.
as an outsider.
as an insider.
3. (TCO 3) Critics of television often suggest that executives of major television networks and movie corporations are white, wealthy males who decide what programs or movies will be produced and which directors and actors will obtain jobs in the industry. This analysis reflects the:
functionalist perspective.
conflict perspective.
interactionist perspective.
global perspective.
4. (TCO 2) This refers to the unintended influence that observers of experiments can have on their subjects.
Control group
Hawthorne effect
Value neutrality
Conflict of interest
5. (TCO 4) Discovery is:
the combination of existing cultural items into a form that did not previously exist.
the process of introducing new elements into a culture.
the process of making known or sharing the existence of an aspect of reality.
the process by which cultural items spread to different groups.
6. (TCO 4) Attacks on bilingualism represent an ethnocentric point of view, which holds that any deviation from the majority language is contrary to unifying members of society. This statement would best reflect the views of which sociological perspective?
Functionalist perspective
Conflict perspective
Interactionist perspective
Feminist perspective
7. (TCO 4) According to Herbert Blumer, the distinctive characteristic(s) of human interaction is/are that:
the reality of humans is shaped by our perceptions and evaluations.
humans respond to behavior based on the meaning we attach to the actions of others.
humans interpret or define each other’s actions.
All of the above
 8. (TCO 3) The teacher-expectancy effect reflects the views of which sociological perspective?
Functionalist
Feminist
Interactionist
Globalist
9. (TCO 4) In this stage of Mead’s stages of the self, children engage in role taking:
game stage.
preparatory stage.
play stage.
looking-glass self.
 10. (TCO 4) This perspective emphasizes that our social behavior is conditioned by our roles and statuses and the groups to which we belong:
Functionalist perspective
Feminist perspective
Interactionist perspective
Conflict perspective
11. (TCO 4, 9) The fear of contracting AIDS probably has led to changes in sexual behavior in the United States among both homosexuals and heterosexuals. Which sociological perspective would focus on these changes in sexual relationships?
Functionalist perspective
Conflict perspective
Interactionist perspective
Feminist perspective
12. (TCO 4) A group is any number of people:
with similar norms, values, and expectations who regularly and consciously interact.
who happen to be together in the same place (for example, bus passengers).
who share a common feature (such as hair color) but do not interact.
all of the above
13. (TCO 4) A college is run by a board of trustees, which hires a president, who in turn selects vice presidents, deans, and other administrators. This is an example of the bureaucratic characteristic of:
written rules and regulations.
division of labor.
impersonality.
hierarchy of authority.
14. (TCO 3, 6) Which sociological perspective would be most likely to focus on how mass media confers status on people, organizations, and public issues?
Functionalist perspective
Conflict perspective
Interactionist perspective
Feminist perspective