A+ Answers

1. Relate the importance of economics and accounting to finance.

2. Contrast the information provided in the balance sheet and income statement.

3. Explain the weaknesses of ratio analysis.

4. Differentiate between the different users of financial information, their needs and sources of information organization.

5. Explain the parts of the business plan.

Your response should be at least 250 words in length for each of the five questions.

Please solve the following problems.

6. Tribke Enterprises collected the following data from its financial reports for 2012:

Stock price $18.37

Inventory balance $300,000

Expenses (excluding COGS) $1,120,000

Shares outstanding 290,000

Average issue price of shares $5.00

Gross margin % 40%

Interest rate 8%

TIE ratio 8

Inventory turnover 12 x

Current ratio 1.5

Quick ratio .75

Fixed asset turnover 1.5

Complete the following abbreviated financial statements, and calculate per share ratios indicated. (Hint: Start by subtracting the formula for the quick ratio from that for the current ratio and equating that to the numerical difference.)

Set up an income statement that includes revenue, COGS, GM, EBIT, EBT, and EAT. Set up a balance sheet that includes Current assets, Fixed assets, Total assets, current liabilities, long-term debt, Equity (paid in capital*, and retained earnings), total equity, and total liabilities & equity.

*Paid-in capital = Common Stock + Paid-in Excess

7. Construct a pro forma income statement for the first year and second year for the following assumptions:

Units of Sales in Year 1: 100,000

Price per Unit: $10

Variable cost per unit: 30%

Fixed Costs: $120,000

Income taxes: 15%

Interest Expense: $200,000

In year 2, Price per unit increases to $11.50, and unit of sales increases by 3%, all other assumptions remain the same.

8. Calculate the sustainable growth based on the following information:

D= 30%

ROE = 25%

9. Calculate a table of interest rates for 5 years based on the following information:

The pure interest rate is 2%

Inflation expectations for year 1 = 3%, year 2 =4%, years 3-5 =5%

The default risk is .1% for year one and increases by .1% over each year

Liquidity premium is 0 for year 1 and increases by .2% each year

Maturity risk premium is 0 for years 1 and 2 and .3% for years 3-5