The Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 addresses the issue of workplace safety in which
is known as its:
A. workplace safety code.
B. general duty clause.
C. occupational safety provision.
D. quid pro quo of business.
Which of the following pieces of legislation mandates colleges to compile and report information
on crimes that occur on campus?
A. Educational Safety Act of 1998
B. Hawthorne Act
C. Clery Act
D. Braverman Act
According to the text, what has been the finding in virtually all victim impact statement studies?
A. There has been a stunning lack of victim participation.
B. Judges have issued harsher sentences.
C. Parole boards have rejected a greater number of inmate applications for early release.
D. An overwhelming number of victims have participated.
Which of the following is NOT a category included in the typology of workplace violence?
A. Personal relationship
Which of the following is NOT a major risk factor for being a violent crime victim at work?
A. Working alone.
B. Working in law enforcement.
C. Working in the mental health field.
D. Operating heavy equipment.
Typical responses to victimization at school include all but which of the following?
B. Hiring a bodyguard to accompany to classes
D. Self-protection, particularly by carrying weapons.
What is it called when a victim petitions a higher court to order a lower court to act upon, or to
refrain from, as the case may be, upholding the petitioner’s rights?
A. Writ of mandamus
B. Writ of habeas corpus
C. A declaratory judgment
D. Nullification order
Which of the following events rekindled interest in a victim rights amendment being added to the
A. Booth v. Maryland
B. The Oklahoma City bombing case
C. South Carolina v. Gathers
D. An Executive Order from the President of the United States
Which of the following is NOT required for crime to occur according to the routine activities
A. Motivated offenders
B. Source for disposing goods
C. Absence of guardians
D. Suitable targets
What is the purpose of a victim rights amendment?
A. To guarantee victims certain rights when they participate in the criminal justice system.
B. To guarantee victims certain rights when they participate in the civil justice system.
C. To guarantee victims certain rights when they participate in victim compensation proceedings.
D. To guarantee victims certain rights when they participate in the juvenile justice system.
Which of the following occupations experiences the highest rate of violence?
A. Mental health workers
B. Police officers
C. Convenience store workers
D. Postal workers
Employer negligence can take all but which of the following forms?
A. Negligent firing
B. Negligent training
C. Negligent hiring
D. Negligent retention
Which of the following is absent from the Federal Crime Victims’ Bill of Rights?
A. The right to veto a jury’s verdict
B. The right to be notified of public court proceedings
C. The right to be treated with fairness and with respect for the victim’s dignity and privacy
D. The right to restitution as provided in law
Victim rights reform has taken four different legislative routes in the United States. Which of the
following is NOT one of them?
A. Federal constitutional reform
B. State constitutional reform
C. Federal legislation
D. City and county ordinances
__________ at school is a rare event.
D. Violent crime
The President’s Task Force on Victims of Crime issued a report in 1982 promoting the addition of a
sentence to the U.S. Constitution addressing victim rights. Which Amendment was the Task Force
hoping to change?
To which of the following does “allocution” refer?
A. A death penalty practice
B. A sanction against prosecutors who do not abide by victim rights legislation
C. The need for correct grammar in writing
D. An orally delivered victim impact statement
All of the following behaviors would be considered workplace bullying EXCEPT:
A. swearing and shouting.
C. sending a memo with assignment instructions.
D. threatening and intimidating.
Rather than trying to add language about victim rights to an already existing amendment to the
Constitution, reformers eventually proposed a new amendment. Which of the following was NOT
a reason for this change of direction?
A. A separate amendment that dealt only with victims would make the issue less confusing and
B. It did not tamper with any rights of the accused, so critics could not argue that victim rights
were detrimental to existing protections afforded the accused.
C. The new language was broader and much more inclusive.
D. Victims had lobbied against the earlier proposal.
Which of the following would be considered an aggravating circumstance?
A. Low IQ
B. A history of being abused as a child
C. Already being designated as a sexual predator
D. Being under extreme mental duress at the time of the incident