1. With respect to human rights issues in Southeast Asia, which statement is most accurate? A. The Khmer Rouge leaders have never been brought to trial. B. Chinese merchants living in Cambodia and elsewhere have carried out vendettas against hill tribes. C. Both Cambodia and Vietnam carried out ethnic eradication programs against hill people. D. The leaders of the Khmer Rouge fled from Cambodia after 1979. 2. The visit of an influential nuclear physicist to a population symposium in 1979 led to A. the two-child policy in China. B. the one-child policy in China. C. new nuclear-power safety measures in populated areas in China. D. the election of Deng Xiaoping in China. 3. Which of the following ethnic groups have suffered a long history of discrimination in Japan? A. Ainu B. Xinjiang C. Uygurs D. Falun Gong 4. Which of the following statements about Vietnam is true? A. Vietnam’s current level of rice exports challenges that of India. B. Vietnam is no longer a communist country. C. Vietnamese farmers have long specialized in the production of Arabica coffee. D. Hanoi is the main center of Vietnam’s marketplace economy. 5. The Demilitarized Zone between North and South Korea was established in A. 1911. B. 1963. C. 1945. D. 1953. 6. Which of the following statements is true of population and population density in East Asia? A. Around 70 percent of Japan’s population lives in the region between Tokyo and Osaka. B. More than half the population of Mongolia lives in Ulan Bator. C. Population policies caused the population in China to decline during the 1950s. D. In the Koreas and Taiwan, population densities are found in eastern coastal areas. 7. Which of the following statements is true regarding gender equality in Southeast Asia? A. South Korea is the only Southeast Asian country that supports absolute gender equality. B. Mao Zedong declared that “Women hold up half the sky.” C. Traditional Confucian views no longer maintain the inferiority of women. D. Japan’s nationalists support female succession to the Chrysanthemum Throne. 8. The Indonesian name for Borneo is A. Sulawesi. B. Irian Jaya. C. Kalimantan. D. Brunei. 9. Which of the following cities is located on the most densely populated island of Indonesia? A. Kuala Lumpur B. Jakarta C. Bangkok D. Manila 10. Which European colonial power took control of Malaya and built the port at Singapore? A. Spain B. Netherlands C. Portugal D. The United Kingdom 11. Until the mid-1900s, most Chinese cities were A. nonexistent. B. small towns. C. market and administrative centers. D. very few in number. 12. By the early 2000s, which country was Taiwan’s third-largest trading partner? A. China B. Japan C. South Korea D.United States 13. The rise of China’s naval power under Admiral Cheng-Ho occurred during the _______ dynasty. A. Ming B. Qin C. Tang D. Zhou 14. From 800–1200, the Khmer and Mon peoples moved into the northern regions of A. Thailand. B. Vietnam. C. Myanmar. D. Cambodia. 15. In China in the 1980s, commune-based agriculture was replaced by the _______ responsibility system. A. Confucian B. household C. cultural D. community 16. Which of the following is not among the four main islands of Japan? A. Honshu B. Hokkaido C. Edo D. Shikoku 17. _______ has the largest metropolitan economy in the world. A. Seoul B. Hong Kong C. Taipei D. Tokyo 18. According to a 1993 World Bank report, East Asian economic growth in the late twentieth century was due, in part, to A. governments that favored import substitution over export competitiveness. B. relatively weak laissez-faire government policies. C. educational programs focused on free higher education. D. strong governments that maintained business stability. 19. With respect to major rivers, the Mekong is to Vietnam as the Irrawady is to A. Laos. B. Cambodia. C. Thailand. D. Myanmar. 20. In terms of GNI PPP per capita, excluding Singapore, the wealthiest nations of Southeast Asia are A. Cambodia and Laos. B. Thailand and Malaysia. C. Indonesia and the Philippines. D. Indonesia and Vietnam.