A+ Answers

1. Monotheism, a religious doctrine that recognizes a single supreme god, first arose in Southwest Asia around _________ BC. A. 2500 B. 600 C. 230 D. 1000 2. In 1997, the year the Kyoto Protocol was endorsed by more than 120 countries, the top carbon dioxide emitters included Persian Gulf states such as Qatar and the United Arab Emirates. Among the top 10 emitters, which country ranked seventh? A. Kuwait B. Bahrain C. Saudi Arabia D.United States 3. What global religion was created in response to aspects of Hinduism? A. Jainism B. Buddhism C. Sikhism D. Hinduism 4. OPEC was formed in 1960 in order to A. coordinate the interests of producing countries by regulating oil prices. B. negotiate the interests of OPEC member countries within the United Nations. C. enhance oil and natural gas production technologies among member states. D. create a cartel that would control global oil supplies. 5. With regard to the Indo-Pakistan dispute over Kashmir, which of the following statements is most accurate? A. The Simla Agreement of 1972 established the current line of control between Pakistan and India. B. The British sold the rulership of Kashmir to a Muslim prince. C. At independence in 1947, the Kashmiris voted to be part of Pakistan. D. After a 1948 ceasefire ended a Pakistani invasion of 1947, Pakistan returned captured Kashmiri territory to India. 6. Among the most populous of South Asian cities, Karachi is located in _______ and Dhaka is located in _______. A. Bangladesh; Pakistan B. Bangladesh; India C. India; Pakistan D.Pakistan; Bangladesh 7. The North African Maghreb states, dominated by the Atlas Mountains, do not include A. Algeria. B. Libya. C. Morocco. D. Tunisia. 8. Among regional languages, _______ combines Hindi with Arabic script and is the official language of _______. A. Sinhalese; Sri Lanka B. Bengali; Bangladesh C. Punjabi; Afghanistan D. Urdu; Pakistan 9. In a/an _______ economy, the production of a wide range of manufactured products becomes more economically important than primary production and a service sector begins to develop. A. production B. international C. developing D. diversified 10. The last great empire centered in Southwest Asia was the _______ Empire. A. Mongol B. Ottoman C. Byzantine D. Roman 11. About what percentage of the Indian population lives in the lower and middle Ganges river basin? A. 40% B. 50% C. 70% D. 60% 12. Sudanese violence against non-Arab peoples in the western province of Darfur has introduced the world to the term Janjaweed. What does this term translate to in English? A. “Devil on horseback with a gun” B. “Paramilitary assassin” C. “Rapist assassin” D. “Criminal bandit” 13. With regard to British influences on India, which of the following statements is true? A. The British Indian Army was not expected to serve British interests beyond India. B. A primary objective of British rule was attaining food self-sufficiency for Indians. C. The British East India Company ruled India after a sepoy rebellion in 1867. D. The common name for the British Indian Empire was the “British Raj.” 14. Among Hindus, members of the lowest caste are commonly referred to by the term dalit, which means A. “disadvantaged.” B. “despised.” C. “segregated.” D. “oppressed.” 15. In 1952, Egypt became a/an _______ government state and by the 1960s and 1970s developed more rapidly than the rest of the Africa. A. capitalist B. socialist C. autocratic D. democratic 16. Among the countries on the margins of the South Asian region, population growth is highest in A. the Maldives. B. Afghanistan. C. Sri Lanka. D. Nepal. 17. In India, the government favors the building of dams in order to A. reverse the effects of salinization. B. invite foreign investment. C. reduce dependency on irrigation. D. provide systematic irrigation. 18. The entire region of Northern Africa and Southwest Asia has a climate generally described as A. Dry B. Hot all day and night C. Cooler by water D. Snowfall does not occur 19. In modern India, the “Garden City” of _________ is known as India’s “Silicon Valley.” A. Kolkata End of exam B. New Delhi C. Mumbai D. Bengaluru 20. Medinas capture the unique historical character and social patterns of cities in North Africa and Southwest Asia. Labyrinths of winding alleys and many kinds of souks are typical features. What are souks? A. Ethnic quarters B. Commercial areas C. Sacred sites D. Bordellos