Which of the following defines characteristics with more than one attribute or value that can be observed or manipulated?
c.Variables of interest.
A piece of work that is considered the original report of research providing firsthand information or is the first published account is known as a:
When studying the effect of maternal alcohol use and disruptive behavior in children, maternal alcohol use is likely:
a.A manipulated variable.
b.A selected variable.
c.Unrelated to the child’s disruptive behavior.
d.Controlled by the researcher.
A form of bias that allows a typically irrelevant trait to influence perceptions of another, typically more relevant, trait is known as:
c.John Henry effect.
An equal likelihood that a participant will be assigned to at treatment, control, or comparison groups is known as:
The extent to which a study can be generalized to other settings and populations is:
The effect of the independent variable on the dependent variable is based upon the examination of group differences in:
a.All research designs.
b.Between group designs.
d.Within groups designs.
A researcher must be concerned with the significance level of the correlation coefficient because:
a.Research reports require that significance exist in order to be published.
b.It is a measure of the validity of the relationship.
c.It tells the researcher how likely it is that the computed correlation value is due to chance or sampling error.
d.It determines the feasibility for the study.
The most commonly used correlation coefficient that is used when the data is quantitative and has a linear relationship is known as a:
a.Spearman Rho correlation coefficient.
c.Pearson product moment correlation coefficient.
d.Point biserial correlation coefficient.
A community counseling program coordinator in a CACREP master’s program surveys graduating students annually regarding program perceptions. This is most closely aligned with which survey research design?
The most important component in survey research is:
a.Determining data analysis methods.
b.Developing the research questions.
c.Determining sample size.
d.Designing survey items.
The baseline phase in time series design:
a.Defines the treatment.
b.Occurs at the end of each design model.
c.Contains no treatment.
d.Is only used in momentary time sampling (MTS).
The time series design model that reintroduces the intervention phase and controls for many threats to internal validity is:
b.Simple phase change.
c.Alternating treatments design.
d.Multiple baseline design.
In grounded theory studies, coding:
a.is used when developing diagrams to visually and accurately represent the research findings.
b.is important in triangulating research results.
c.helps organize concepts and develop categories.
d.organizes field notes and memos.
In phenomenological studies, an intentional process whereby the researcher attempts to extract their own biases is known as:
When phenomenological researchers record their thoughts and reactions to the research process, participant responses, and participants’ non-verbals, they are engaging in what is best known as:
A retelling of the story with organization around themes is known as:
There are multiple motives for conducting program evaluation. Of the following, which is the primary reason for conducting program evaluation?
a.Provides evidence for new or continued funding sources.
b.Counselors are afforded research and publication opportunities.
c.Managed care has significantly reduced the amount of time clients can be in services.
d.It is ethically responsible for best practice in counseling.
The starting point for any program evaluation is:
b.Determining needs based on the mission statement of the program.
c.Talking with stakeholders about their perceptions.
d.Developing a research instrument.
Mixed methods designs are called such because they:
a.Incorporate gender differenced into each design.
b.Mix behavioral and theoretical models.
c.Blend quantitative and qualitative methodologies.
d.Can be used for either quantitative or qualitative research.
A primary premise in mixed method design is that it:
a.Reduces the bias of using only one design.
b.Is more appropriate with adult populations.
c.Is less expensive that single design approaches.
d.Incorporates all types of known research designs.
Which of the following is true about ratio scales?
a.They have a true zero point.
b.The distance between scale points are equal.
c.They range from strongly agree to strongly disagree and rate people’s attitudes.
d.They divide observations into categories and provides measurement by order and rank.
When data points on a particular variable do not conform to a normal curve they are best known as:
b.A frequency distribution.
The ACA ethical code related to relationships between researchers and research participants:
a.Is similar to the codes related to relationships between counselors and clients.
b.States that nonprofessional relationships with participants is always avoidable.
c.Does not address documentation of rationale for the proposed interaction.
d.Differs from codes related to counselors and their clients because nonprofessional relationships are encouraged between researchers and research participants.
A potential problem in multicultural research is a tendency to:
a.Consider variables such as gender, educational status, and sexual orientation.
b.Define culture broadly to encompass intersecting identities.
c.Define culture as race or ethnicity only.
d.Identify multiple components of culture.